Yield and chemical composition of spring triticale grain depending on cropping and tillage systems

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Herbology and Plant Cultivation Techniques, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland.


A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the yield and chemical composition of triticale
grain in different crop rotation and tillage systems. The first experimental factor was the
cropping system – a) crop rotation and b) monoculture and the second factor was the tillage
system – 1) conventional (CT), 2) reduced (RT) and 3) no-tillage (NT). The spring triticale yield
was found to be 15.4% higher for crop rotation than for monoculture and 19.4-22.4% higher in
CT than in RT and NT. Crop rotation also increased the content of starch in the grain, as well as
that of phosphorus (P), calcium (Ca) and iron (Fe), with respect to monoculture. Triticale grain
from the CT plots contained more starch, magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn) and iron (Fe) than
grain from RT and NT. Crude fibre content, however, was higher in the grain harvested from
the monoculture than in the case of crop rotation. Higher fibre content was also noted in the
grain from NT and RT than from CT.