1Program in Agriculture, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Rajabhat Maha Sarakham University, Maha Sarakham 44000, Thailand.
2Department of Plant Science and Agricultural Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand.
3Crop Genetics and Breeding Research Unit, USDA/ARS, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton, Georgia 31793, USA.
mprovement of N2 fixation might be an effective strategy in peanut breeding for
high yield under drought stress conditions. However, under water limited conditions
peanut varieties having high water-use efficiency (WUE) are favorable. A pot
experiment was conducted under greenhouse conditions at Khon Kaen University,
Thailand during December 2002 to May 2003, and repeated during June 2003 to
November 2003. Twelve peanut genotypes were tested under three water regimes to
estimate the relationships between N2 fixed with biomass production, WUE and pod
yield under drought stress conditions. N2 fixed biomass production; pod yield and
WUE were reduced by drought stress. At 2/3 AW, Tifton-8 and KK 60-3 were the
best genotypes for high N2 fixed and high WUE. ICGV 98324 and ICGV 98300 had
high pod yield, whereas Tifton-8 had low pod yield. N2 fixed was positively
correlated with biomass and WUE under mild drought conditions but negatively
correlated with pod yield. Tifton-8 was the best genotype for N2 fixed and WUE, but
it was a poor performer for pod yield under drought conditions. ICGV 98324 and
ICGV 98300 had higher pod yield with lower N2 fixed and WUE than did Tifton-8.
Results indicated that N2 fixed under drought conditions contributed to vegetative
growth and water use efficiency rather than to pod yield. Improvement for high N2
fixed in peanut could lead to high biomass production and WUE but may not
necessarily improve pod yield under drought stress conditions.