Changes in weed seed banks and the potato yield as affected by different amounts of nitrogen and crop residue

Document Type: Research Paper

Author

Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center, Isfahan, Islamic Republic of Iran.

Abstract

In order to evaluate the impact of crop residues (zero, 25 and 50%) and nitrogen
(zero, 125 and 250 kg ha) on weed seed bank and potato yield, two-years research
was conducted as a split plot arranged in randomized complete block design in
Rozveh Agriculture Research Station, Freidan-Esfahan. Numbers of weed species
in seed bank, aboveground, and both seed bank and aboveground were 1, 2 and 8
respectively. Amaranthus retroflexus L. was dominant weed in seed bank in the
both years. Weed seed bank was significantly lower in both N rates than control in
the both years with no significant difference between the rates. Weeds biomass
with increased use of nitrogen fertilizer increased. In 25 and 50 percent of crop
residue treatments, weed seed density was greater than control. 125 kg N ha-1 with
25 percent of crop residue treatment produced the highest tuber yield (27850 kg ha-1),
although weed biomass was also high in this treatment. The results showed that
management of nitrogen fertilizer application and weed control by applying crop
residue crops in rotation will change.

Keywords