Interaction of different irrigation strategies and soil textures on the nitrogen uptake of field grown potatoes

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Irrigation, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Department of Agroecology and Environment, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Aarhus University, Denmark.

3 Crop science group, Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

4 Agrohydrology group, Department of Basic Sciences and Environment, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

Nitrogen (N) uptake (kg ha-1) of field-grown potatoes was measured in 4.32 m2 lysimeters that were filled with coarse sand, loamy sand, and sandy loam and subjected to full (FI), deficit (DI), and partial root-zone drying (PRD) irrigation strategies. PRD and DI as water-saving irrigation treatments received 65% of FI after tuber bulking and lasted for six weeks until final harvest. Results showed that the irrigation treatments were not significantly different in terms of N uptake in the tubers, shoot, and whole crop. However, there was a statistical difference between the soil textures where plants in the loamy sand had the highest amount of N uptake. The interaction between irrigation treatments and soil textures was significant, and implied that under non-limiting water conditions, loamy sand is the suitable soil for potato production because plants can take up sufficient amounts of N and it could potentially lead to higher yield. However, under limited water conditions and applying water-saving irrigation strategies, sandy loam and coarse sand are better growth media because N is more available for the potatoes. The simple yield prediction model was developed that could explains ca. 96% of the variations of fresh tuber yield based on the plant evapotranspiration (ET) and N uptake in the tuber or whole crop.

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