Irrigation Department, Shiraz University, Shiraz, I.R of Iran
Salinization of soil is primarily caused by capillary rise from saline shallow groundwater or application of saline irrigation water. In this investigation, the transient state analytical model was modified to predict water uptake from saline shallow groundwater, actual crop evapotranspiration, soil water content, dry matter, seed yield and soil salinity under different saline groundwater depths, irrigation water salinities and deficit irrigation for quinoa. Considering the effect of salinity on soil saturated hydraulic conductivity and maximum root depth in presence of shallow saline groundwater, the model resulted in good agreement between the measured and predicted saline groundwater uptake, soil salinity increase at different groundwater depths (300-800 mm) and water salinity (10-40 dS m-1). Therefore, the modified model is applicable for quinoa yield and soil salinity prediction and it could be a valuable tool for soil salinity management in presence of shallow saline groundwater. Furthermore, prediction of quinoa yield by the modified model can be used for better irrigation water salinity management under different saline groundwater depths, irrigation water salinities and deficit irrigation.