Document Type: Research Paper
Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bengaluru-560 065. b
Water Management (Agriculture) Division, Centre for Water Resources D
Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bengaluru-560 065.
The introduction of ecological sanitation (ECOSAN) toilets in villages near Bangalore has
created opportunities for safer sanitation and recycling of human excreta, as fertilizers, in rural
and peri-urban areas. Field experiments were conducted at the University farm on French beans
and Maize as the test crops in succession for 2 consecutive years in the same field. Different
treatment combinations tried include human urine, with and without gypsum, Farm yard manure
(FYM), chemical fertilizers and control. The fertilizer value of human urine were assessed and
supplied to the crops based on the nutrient content. The results revealed that yield of two crops
were significantly highest in treatment receiving human urine + FYM followed by human urine
alone. Generally the results showed that human urine performed well than the commercially
available chemical fertilizers (urea) applied as a source of N for crops and does not pose any
significant hygienic threats and leave any significant flavor in food products.