1Irrigation Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
2Irrigation Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
The dynamic and static deficit (DDI, SDI), partial root drying (DPRD, SPRD) and full (FI) irrigation strategies were applied in Agria and Ramos potato cultivars in a semi-arid area. FI received 100% of the potential evapotranspiration (ET); SDI and SPRD received 75% of ET during the growth period; DDI and DPRD received 90% of ET in the first third, 75% of ET in the second third and 50% of ET in the last third of growth period. Results showed that fresh tuber yield and tuber nitrogen (N) content were negatively correlated meaning that by increasing the tuber N content, tuber yield decreased. PRD irrigation strategy had significantly the highest tuber N content than FI and DI. Dry matter water productivity (WPDM) was significantly different between the irrigation strategies. The DI strategies had significantly higher WPDM than FI and PRD ones. DDI and DPRD increased WPDM by 26 and 19% compared to SDI and SPRD, respectively. WPDM in Ramos (1.08 kg m-3) was higher than Agria (0.82 kg m-3). The newly introduced Dry Matter-Water Content Index (DMWCI) was higher in PRD and Agria than DI and Ramos, respectively. Conclusively, the DI treatments are the recommended water savingirrigation strategies under these experimental conditions in terms of highest WPDM and greater dry matter allocation to tubers, though the PRD irrigation strategy had higher tuber N content. Ramos is the favored potato cultivar for processing industry based on its higher WPDM and tuber dry matter content than Agria.