Depth of nitrogen fertiliser placement affects nitrogen accumulation, translocation and nitrate-nitrogen content in soil of rainfed wheat

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Key Laboratory of Crop Ecophysiology and Farming System, Ministry of Agriculture, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an 271018, China. Crop Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan 250100, China.

2 Key Laboratory of Crop Ecophysiology and Farming System, Ministry of Agriculture, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an 271018, China.

3 Agricultural Information Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China.

4 Key Laboratory of Crop Ecophysiology and Farming System, Ministry of Agriculture, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an 271018, China

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted to examine the effects of different depths of
nitrogen (N) fertiliser placements on N accumulation, remobilisation and NO3−-N
content in soil of rainfed wheat. Nitrogen was applied on the surface (D1) and in
the 10 cm (D2), 20 cm (D3) and 30 cm (D4) soil layers from 2010 to 2012.
Compared with D1 and D2, D3 and D4 treatments obtained significant higher N
distribution amounts in grain and N accumulation amounts at maturity. D3 and D4
treatments increased the N accumulation amount of vegetative organs at anthesis
and at maturity. D3 treatment resulted in significantly higher N translocation
amounts from vegetative organs to grains compared with D1 and D2 treatments and
had no significant difference with D4 treatment. Compared with the D1 and D2, D3
and D4 treatments obtained significant higher NO3−-N contents in the 20 cm to 120
cm soil layer at anthesis from 2011 to 2012. However, D3 treatment showed
no significant differences with D1 and D2 treatments at maturity in terms of the
NO3−-N contents in the 40 cm to 100 cm soil layer. D4 treatment produced the
highest NO3−-N contents in the 40 cm to 140 cm soil layer. Grain yield, N uptake
efficiency, apparent N recovery efficiency, N agronomic efficiency and N partial
factor productivity were significantly increased by D3 and D4 treatments. These
results suggest that the D3 treatment facilitates the best wheat production and
highest efficiency among all treatments.


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