The effects of strip cropping and weed control methods on yields of dent maize, narrow-leafed lupin and oats

Document Type: Research Paper

Author

University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Department of Soil and Plant Cultivation, Zamość, Poland.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the effects of strip cropping and different
weed control methods on the yield and yield structure of dent maize, narrow-leafed
lupin and spring oat. A split-plot design with four replications was conducted in
2008-2010. The following factors were analysed in the experiment: I. Cultivation
method – sole cropping and strip cropping; II. Weed control method – mechanical
and chemical. The method of cultivation was considered the main plot and the
weed control methods were the sub-plot. Strip cropping significantly increased the
maize yield and the percentage share of ears in the total biomass. The seed yield of
narrow-leafed lupin was significantly higher in strip cropping, but only where
mechanical weed control was used. Strip cropping significantly increased the plant
density, seed number and weight per plant and 1,000 seed weight of lupin. Oat
yield was slightly higher in the strip cropping than in the sole cropping. Strip
cropping increased grain number and weight per panicle in the oat. The chemical
weed control method was more favourable to the yield of maize, narrow-leaf lupin
and oat than the mechanical weed control. The land equivalent ratio value (1.06)
confirms that the maize/narrow-leafed lupin/oat strip cropping was more efficient
than the sole cropping.
Keywords: Strip cropping; Dent maize; Oat; Narrow-leafed lupin; Weed control.